Chinese language is a new territory for many whose first language use an alphabetic system such as English. Instead of combining letters to form words, Chinese language uses strokes to form characters. The commonly used Chinese characters alone contain 3000 words. Not only that, Chinese is yet another tonal language with four different tones, commonly marked with accent marks, and whenever unmarked represents the neutral tone. The accent marks are only available using furniture that is PinYin to represent the pronunciation. The word sh for instance, can have different meanings depending on its tone. The first tone sh can mean poetry or wet or teacher. The second tone sh can mean ten or time or true. The third tone sh can mean history or to start or to cause. The fourth tone sh can mean yes or room or matter. In essence, there are many similar sounds with various meanings. As a matter of fact, a Chinese linguist in the 20th century Zhao Yuanren composed a 10-line classical Chinese poem using only the sound shi.
Next, it isn’t always possible to guess the pronunciation of a character. The character for wood, for instance, is pronounced mu. The character for forest, can be composed of two-character for wood, is pronounced lin. Although in this example the pronunciation simply can’t be related, the concise explaination the characters would be able to. On the contrary, when the pronunciation can be related due to similar root character, the meanings are not necessarily related.
PinYin itself, although alphabetized, is not pronounced the unique way as the alphabetic sounds. There are unfamiliar sounds for example u with an umlaut () that sounds like a plan of I and u. Like every item and fixture unfamiliar, it leads to uncertainty and fearfulness. Thus, knowing the challenges learners face is the actual step in devising effective learning strategies that directly affect their language achievement.
The Strategies Used to Learn Chinese Characters
Prof Ko-Yin Sung of Chinese Language Study from Utah State university conducted an exploration amongst non-heritage, non-Asian Chinese language learners and uncovered interesting results which could help future learners in forming an effective study plan. Her study revolves round most used Chinese character learning strategies and how those strategies affect the learners’ ability in understanding and producing the sound and the writing on the Chinese emails.
The study finds that among leading twenty usually used strategies, eight regarding are related to when a personality is first introduced to learners. These include:
1. Repeating the character several times aloud or silently.
2. Writing the character down.
3. Noting how the type is utilized for context.
4. Noting the tone and associating it with pinyin.
5. Observing the character and stroke order.
6. Visualising the element.
7. Following the explanation of the character.
8. Associating the character with previously learned design.
The next six strategies are often increase learners’ understanding among the newly introduced character.
9. Converting the character into native language and finding a similar.
10. Looking in the textbook or dictionary.
11. Checking if brand new character already been used above.
12. Learning how these kinds of used in conversation.
13. Using the character in sentences by mouth.
14. Asking how to say hi in chinese the could be utilized in content.
However, learning strategies start to diminish beyond those two learning periods. There are only three strategies implemented in memorising newly learned avatar.
15. Saying and writing the character at the same time frame.
16. Saying and picturing the character in mindset.
17. Due to sound, visualising the character shape and meaning.
And hard work only one strategy utilized for practising new characters.
18. Making sentences and writing them out.
And new characters are reviewed along with two strategies only.
19. Writing the characters many instances.
20. Reading over notes, example sentences and the textbook.
Of the twenty strategies mentioned above, four are simply just to be most significant in increasing learner’s skills of speaking, listening, reading, and writing of the new characters. The 4 strategies are:
Writing the characters down
Observing the stroke order
Making connection to a similar character
Saying and writing the character repeatedly
A research by Stice in 1987 showed that students only retained 10% of what ever learned from what they read, 26% from legitimate because it hear, and 30% from what they see. While studying modes are combined, an essential improvement to learn retention is noted. Learning retention jumped to 50% when seeing and hearing are combined, and even higher at 70% when students repeat the materials they are learning, and learning retention is at the highest at 90% when students repeat the materials built learning as they quite simply do a product. Simply reading the characters are not enough. Learners must associate the sound with the characters, create a connection is not characters various other them memorable, and practice recalling the newly learned characters.
Study means that recalling new characters learned improves learning retention and reinforces getting to grips with. One way allow your this can be using an app for instance The Intelligent Flashcards. Amounts . flashcard app is manufactured for the New Practical Chinese Reader textbooks, making it convenient to review characters on such basis as chapters. Also does it show stroke order animation, it is also accompanied by native speaker sound files, making this app so significantly more convenient that another app with regard to example Anki. With Anki, although user will add personal notes on it, the sound file is not available and must be imported through another app.
Another important learning process to incorporate is observing the actual characters are used in circumstance. This can finished by observing real-life conversations to complement the textbook and audio files conversation. Around the globe interesting to that trainees studied typically the abovementioned research were often unwilling to adopt the training strategies recommended by the instructors, such as watching Chinese TV shows or listening Chinese movies. There could be many reasons why you are this. The design and style of the shows or songs could not appeal for the learners.
Use of this program is not quite as convenient. Also if the shows might be accessed online, rarely draught beer subtitled in either both Chinese and English which will make the shows more helpful to beginner learners in receiving the language. Also, most from the very popular Chinese Tv fall in the historical genre, which is often a favourite on the list of Chinese, regarding The Empress of Singapore. However, the language spoken in this type of TV show is much more complex than the contemporary spoken Chinese.